We will now watch Gerunds. The form of a verb that acts as a name. The subjects of management are unique. For example, «Running is fun.» The tanner is on. A longer sentence is still singular, even if the expression ends with a plural Nov. For example, «Walking with my friends is fun.» You can learn more about Gerunds in our episode on gerunds and infinitives. The group substantive group, also known as a collective noun, can also be confusing. These are names such as the committee, the staff, the family and the crew. The group suggests more than one person, but they are always unique for grammatical purposes, such as «My family is here» or «The new staff starts tomorrow.» Americans use a singular verb according to a group nostun. The British, on the other hand, use both singular and plural verbs depending on group backgrounds. So you might hear someone in the UK say, «The team wins» or «The team wins.» Country names Country names, even if they end in -s, are still singularly.
For example: «The Philippines is an Asian country.» However, if you are talking about the people of the country, use the plural. For example: «The Filipinos are friendly.» The United States is a unique nostunon. But that wasn`t always true. Before the American Civil War in the 1860s, many people said, «The United States is,» instead of «The United States is.» Civil War historian Shelby Foote said the change of are to show a change in American thought. Before the Civil War, many people viewed the United States as a gathering of independent states. After the Civil War, more Americans considered themselves one country. As Mr. Foote said, the civil war has made us «an Is.» Words that are always singular Some common adjectives and pronouns are always singular. Undetermined pronouns that end in body, in one and in fact are never plural. For example, «everyone who travels to work is faced with heavy traffic.» The distribution words like each of them are always singularly.
For example, «Every student and teacher works very hard.» Even if there are two nouns that are through and connected, the verb is always singular after each. Each of them often confuses even native English. For this reason, they are a popular topic for standard test manufacturers like SAT. For example: «Each of the boys has their own book.» Many Americans would say, «Each of the boys has their own book.» Both paths are acceptable in daily conversation. But in formal writing and standardized tests, the first sentence is more correct: each makes the sentence singular, regardless of the following. More information on this topic can be found in our episode «Pronouns and Sex Problems.» Testmaker tricks test creators often create trick questions by separating the subject and the verb, hoping to mislead test participants to choose the wrong answer. Here is a rather extreme example of the separation of verbs from the subject: «Anyone who has ever been on holiday in Indonesia or the Philippines knows that the water is hot there.» In this sentence, the subject that each is separated from the main verb is by a long secondary clause. But the rule is the same: everyone makes the subject singular, regardless of the distance of the main verb.
Don`t be careful with the word no. In very formal grammar none is a contraction for the singular, not for one. It is customary not to use them with plural singulars and verbs. They will hear: «None of you listen» and «None of you listen.» But in very formal grammar, none is used only with singular verbs. Words that are always plural There are some English words that are always plural. The most common are glasses (for glasses), pants, pants, scissors, clothing and police. In addition, the names of certain academic disciplines are always plural such as physics, mathematics and economics.