As a result, pension and pension agreements are called secured loans, because a group of securities – usually U.S. government bonds – insures the short-term credit contract (as collateral). Thus, in financial statements and balance sheets, repurchase agreements are generally recorded as credits in the debt or deficit column. A pension contract (PR) is a short-term loan in which both parties agree to the sale and future repurchase of assets within a certain contract term. The seller sells a treasury order or other state security with the promise to repurchase them at a given time and at a price that includes an interest payment. The repurchase agreement (repo or PR) and the repurchase agreement (RRP) are two key instruments used by many large financial institutions, banks and some companies. These short-term agreements provide temporary lending opportunities that contribute to the financing of day-to-day operations. The Federal Reserve also uses the repo and auto-repo agreements as a method of controlling the money supply. The buy-back contract, or «repo,» the market is an opaque but important part of the financial system, which has recently attracted increasing attention. On average, $2 trillion to $4 trillion in pension transactions are traded every day — guaranteed short-term loans. But how does the pension market work, and what about it? Buyback contracts can be concluded between a large number of parties. The Federal Reserve enters into pension contracts to regulate money supply and bank reserves.
Individuals generally use these agreements to finance the purchase of bonds or other investments. Pension transactions are short-term assets with maturity terms called «rate,» «term» or «tenor.» The parts of the repurchase and reverse-repurchase agreement are defined and agreed upon at the beginning of the agreement. A pension contract (repo) is a short-term guaranteed credit: one party sells securities to another and agrees to buy them back at a higher price at a later price. The securities serve as collateral. The difference between the initial price of the securities and their redemption price is that of the interest paid on the loan called the pension rate. An open pension contract (also called on demand) works in the same way as an appointment period, except that the trader and counterparty accept the transaction without setting the due date. On the contrary, trade can be terminated by both parties by notifying the other party before an agreed daily period. If an open deposit is not completed, it is automatically crushed every day. Interest is paid monthly and the interest rate is reassessed by mutual agreement at regular intervals. The interest rate on an open pension is generally close to the federal rate. An open repo is used to invest cash or finance assets if the parties do not know how long it will take them. But almost all open contracts conclude in a year or two.
If interest rates are positive, the PF repurchase price can be expected to be higher than the original PN selling price. For the party that sells security and agrees to buy it back in the future, it is a repo; for the party at the other end of the transaction, the purchase of the warranty and the consent to sell in the future, it is a reverse buyback contract. The value of the security is generally higher than the purchase price of the securities. The buyer agrees not to sell the security unless the seller comes from his late part of the agreement. On the agreed date, the seller must repurchase the securities, including the agreed interest rate or pension rate. Deposits are traditionally used as a form of secured loan and have been treated as such tax-wise. However, modern repurchase agreements often allow the lender to sell the collateral provided as collateral and replace an identical guarantee when buying back.  In this way, the lender will act as a borrower of securities, and the repurchase agreement can be used to take a short position in the guarantee, as could a securities loan be used.  A sale/withdrawal